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^^S^^tBB AND OIUo^^ 



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Eedster for the Fall and Yfinter Term, 1864-5. 



His Excellency, The Governor. 
His Honor, The Lieutexaxt Governor. 
Rev. William A. Stearns, D. D., Amherst. 
Hon. John D. Philbrick, A. M., Boston. 
David H. Mason, Esq., Newton Centre. 
Rev. James F. Clarke, D. D., West Roxbur\'. 
John P, Marshall, A. M., Somerville. 
Abner .J. Phipps, Esq., Lowell. 

Rev. William Rice, A. M., Springfield. 
Hon. Emory Washburn, LL.D,, Cambridge. 

Hon. Joseph White, A. M., Secretary. 
Rev. Samuel C.Jackson, D.D., Assistant Sec 'y. 
George B. Emerson, LL.D., Treasurer. 
Rev. BiRDSEY G. Northrop, A. M., Agent. 


John P. Marshall, A. M. 
Hon. John D. Philbrick, A. M. 

Hon. Joseph White, A. M. 
George B. Emerson, LL. D. 


Alpheus Crosby, A. M., Principal. 

Martha K. Crosby. 

Ellen M. Dodge. 

Mary E. Webb. 

Caroline J. Cole. 

Josephine A. Ellery. 

Maby C. Spofford. 

Mary E. Godden. 

Mary N. Plumer. 

0. B. Brown, Teacher of Music. 

William Russell, A. M., Instructor in El- 

Rev. BiRDSEY G. Northrop, A. M., Lecturer 
on Mental Philosophy. 

James C. Sharp, Esq., Lecturer on Chemistry. 

Frances S. Cooke, M. D., Lecturer on 
Anatomy, Physiology, and Health. 

Sanborn Tenney, A. M., Lecturer on Geology 

and Mineralogy. 
Frederic W. Putnam, Esq., Lecturer on 



^buanccb (Illass. 

Marzette II. Coburii, Dracut. 

Sophia 0. Driver, Salem. 

Julia Packard, "West Auburn, Me. 

Ella G. Page, Gloucester. 

Louise F. Parsons, East Gloucester. 5. 

Senior CIloss. 

Helen L. Abbott, North Anduver. 
Mary Y. Allen, Manchester. 
Eleanor E. Boies, Chelsea. 
Martha C. Brainerd, Halifax. 
Augusta A. Brown, Newburj'port. 
Sarah J. Crosby, LoavcU. 
Ellen B. Cushnian, Plymouth. 
Sarah A. Dewing, North Chelsea. 
Annie E. Friend, Gloucester. 
Susan George, North Wilmington. 
Mary E. Gilbert, Lynn. 
Rebecca B, Gove, Weare, N. H. 

Maria A. Holt, Keene, N. H. 
Lucy M. James, Deerfield Centre, N. H. 
Julia T. Jellison, North Ellsworth, Me. 
Ella F. Kehew, Salem. 
Mary L. Kilburn, Lonsdale, R. I. 
Mary J. Parker, Anniscxuam, Gloucester. 
Amanda M, Philbrick, Galesburg, 111. 
Sophia M. Pike, Newburyport. 
Adelaide C. Plumley, Lawrence. 
Ann B. Smith, East Medway. 
Helen M. Titcomb, NevA^buryport. 
Mary E. Torr, South Danvers. 24. 

iUibblc Oriass. 

Martha E. Abbjlt, North Reading. 

Lucy E. Bachellcr, Lynn. 

Lavina Barnard, West Charleston, Vt. 

Mary E. Bartlett, Haverhill. 

Mary A. Bryant, Stoneham. 

Rosanna A. Burnham, Essex. 

Eleanor M. Butler, Bedford. 

Emma D. Coburn, Lowell. 

Eveline Conant, Wenham. 

Delia A. Curtis, Northborough. 

Isabel M. Emilio, Salem. 

Abby D. Esty, Middleton. 

Margaret B. Fitz, Salem. 

Caroline A. Fuller, Salem. 

Susan M. Glover, Salem. 

Charlotte Coding, North Livermore, Me. 

Julia A. Goodwin, Boston. 

Effie J. Gould, Lowell. 

Caroline W. Graves, North Reading. 

Helen Isl. Hastings, North Chelsea. 


Lucj- L. Holden, TTest Concord, X. H. 
Susan Jordan, Poland, Me. 
Mary F. Kittredge, South Danvers. 
Martha A. Lakeman, Hallowell, Me. 
Susan Marvin, Dublin, X. H. 
Esther L. Merriam, Xorth TeTvksbury. 
Hannah A. Xash, Greenfield. 
Caroline M. Osborne, South Danvers. 
Sarah S. Perkins, Lynnfield Centre. 
Sarah A. Phelps, Middleton. 
Julitta E. Prescott, South Danvers. 

Anna E. Richardson, Lowell. 
Imogene A. Rowe, Stoneham. 
Sarah P. Sanborn, Lawrence. 
Ellen P. Sibley, Salem. 
Sarah VT. Tompkins, Lawrence. 
Emma R. Welch, Lowell. 
Harriet J. "West, Lynn. 
Louise A. P. "White, Salem. 
Martha E. TThittredge, Hamilton. 
Georgianna Wilkinson, Xorth Chelsea. 
Ellen Wonson, Gloucester. 42. 

Snnior Class. 

Evelena F. Adams, Quincy. 
Frances M. Bacon, St. Louis, Mo. 
Caroline B. Bigelow, Livermore, Me. 
Caroline E. Boy den, Oxford. 
Ellen M. Bray, Marblehead. 
Ann E, Brown, Rye, X. H. 
Margaret L. Clark, Salem. 
Clara H. Cleaves, Rockport. 
Eliza C. H. Coburn, Lowell. 
Harrietta C. Critchett, Lowell, 
Charlotte E. Draper, Salem. 
Caroline A. Frost, Marblehead, 
Elizabeth A. George, Webster. 
Sarah C. Gilbert, Swampscott, 
Helen M. Graves, Marblehead. 
Williamine S. Green, Stoneham. 
Martha B. Hitchings, Lynn. 
Elizabeth R. Hodges, Salem. 
Ellen R. Hull, Millbury. 
Marj' M. Ingalls, L>^ln. 
Pauline T. Johnson, Xahant. 
Mary J. Lefavour, Marblehead. 

?aary A. Lovering, Lynn. 

Olivia S. Muir, Weston. 

Marion G. Xewhall, Ty-nn . 

Abbie F. Xye, SandTs^ich. 

Mary E. O'Donnell, Salem. 

Harriet M. Osgood, Xorthbridge. 

3Iary U. Parker, Xorth Reading. 

Emma F. Peabody, Danvers Plains. 

Amanda W. Peirce, Weston. 

Clara D. Poole, L}Tm. 

Emma E. Purington, South Reading. 

Mary R. Southgate, Taunton. 

Viola Spinney, Unity, Me. 

Mary J. W, Stone, Swampscott. 

Helen Tincker, Boston. 

Jane S. Turnbull, South Reading. 

Leora L. L'pton, Xorth Reading. 

Adeline Ei Wallis, Hamilton. 

Emilj" M. Warren, South Reading. 

Emma J. Webb, Salem. 

Margarctta Wilson, Ipswich. 

Mary E. Winslow, Hallo well. Me. 44. 

Number of Students in attendance during the Term, 



This Institution was established by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, with the 
liberal co-operation of the City of Salem and the Eastern Railroad Company, for the 
direct preparation of Female Teachers to instruct in the Common and High Schools re- 
quired by law. It is under the charge of the State Board of Education, and of a special 
Board of Visitors. During the period that has elapsed since the reception of the first 
Class in September, 1854, eight hundred and forty-one Ladies have been members of 
the School; and of these, three hundred and sixty-one have received diplomas, 
upon the honorable completion of the prescribed course of study. 

S c|) 1 liT c a r a n Ti 21 e v in s . 

The School Year is divided into two Terms, commencing the last Wednesday in Feb- 
ruary and the first Wednesday in September, — each containing twenty weeks of study, 
with a week's recess near the middle of the Term. 

The present Term will close with Exercises of Examination and Graduation, on 
Vi'ednesday, February 1st. All Friends of Education are respectfully invited to attend 
these Exercises, which will commence at 9 o'clock, A. M.; and also to visit the School 
at other times that may suit their convenience. 

^ U ni f s s [ n . 

Candidates for admission must be at least sixteen years of age; must present a 
satisfactory certificate of good moral character; must declare their full intention 


of faithfullj observing the regulations of the School during their connection with 
it, and of afterwards teaching in the public schools of Massachusetts;* and must 
pass a satisfactory examination in Reading, Spelling, Defining, Writing, Arithmetic, 
English Grammar, Geography, the History of the United Slates, and Algebra (thi'ough 
Equations of the First Degree with one unknown quantity.) A greater age and 
higher attainments than those pi'escribed, with some experience in teaching, render 
the course of study in the Institution still more useful. 

The Examination for admission takes place on Wednesday, the first day of each term, 
commencing at 8 o'clock, A. M., or as soon after that hour as the Candidates may be 
able to arrive. Except in extraordinary cases, no one is examined later in the term. 

These are of two kinds : the more strictly professional, which are prescribed for all 
the members of the School ; and those that are more general in their character, which 
are pursued as the students may need or desire, in preparation for teaching in the 
several grades of public schools. The latter are divided into three classes : — I. The 
" Branches of Learning" prescribed by law for ail public schools; II. Those prescribed 
for all High Schools; III. Those prescribed for High Schools of the second class. 

Professional Studies. 1. Philosophy, History, and Art of Education in its several 
departments; including General Principles and ]\iethods of Instruction, Mental and 
Moral Philosophy, School Laws, School Organization and Government, &c. 

2. Principles and Best Methods of Instruction, both elementary and more advanced, 
in the several branches of school study. 

Z. Exercises in Teaching, for the illustration and application of these Principles and 
Metiipds; and other Exercises, both Oral and Written, for cultivating that power and 
propriety of thought and expression which are so essential to the teacher's success. 
Observation and practice in other schools are also recommended, and the former, to 
some extent, required. 

General Studies. Class I. " Orthography, Reading, Writing, English Grammar, 
Geography, Arithmetic, the History of the United States, and Good Behavior;" and 
also ''Algebra, Yocal Music, Drawing, Physiology, and Hygiene," (which, in the 
v.'ords of the law, " shall be taught in all the public schools in which the School Com- 
mittee deem it expedient." By a recent statute, "Agriculture" has been added to 
these studies.) 

* Ladies designing to teach in other States or in private schools may be admitted by 
P''}'^"o S^^ '^ term for tuition. 


Class II. '* General History, Book-keeping, Surveying, Geometry, Natural Philoso- 
phy, Cliemistry, IJotany, the Civil Polity of this Conmionwcalth ami of the United 
States, and the Lat'n Language/' 

Class III. " The Greek and French Languages, Astronomy, Geology, Rhetoric, 
Logic, Intellectual and Moral Science, and Political Economy." — See General Statutes 
of Mass., chap. 88, §§ 1, L\ 

Pupils "who have successfully completed the Professional Studies of the School, and 
"who approve themselves, upon examination, fullj'^ competent to instruct in the General 
Studies of the first class,* receive the First Diploma of the School Those who also show 
themselves well acquainted with the General Studies of the second class, and with the 
French Language, receive the Second Diploma ; while for the remaining studies a 
special Certificate is added. So far as pi'acticable, the needed acquaintance with these 
General Studies, especially with those of the first class, should be acquired by students 
before their admission to the School. 

The prescribed Course of Study for the first Diploma extends through two years ; 
but pupils may enter in advatice, whenever their examination shows that they can 
do this advantageously. 

a I In- a t J) , 21 4) p n r a t u s , a u tJ fH u s e u in . 

The Institution has already a valuable supply, chiefly through donation, of these 
material aids of education, which are so important for its full success, (the Libra- 
ry containing, in works for general reference and reading, and in text-books, more than 
seven thousand volumes.) To provide for them ampler accommodations, the School 
Building has been enlarged, and now presents room for long ranges of book-shelves and 
cabinet-cases, for filling which the School must rely chiefly upon the continued liber- 
ality of its Friends and the Friends of Education, especially of those who appreciate 
the claims of Higher Female Education with particular reference to the work of educa- 
ing others. t 

* Full preparation for instructing in these branches is regarded as requiring an 
elementary acquaintance with Geometry ; with the Natural Sciences, both philosophical 
and descr)i)tive ; with the History and Etymology of the English Language; and with 
English Literature. 

t Contributions of books and pamphlets for the Library, of philosophical and chemical 
apparatus, of minerals, plants, shells, and other bpecimens of natural history, and of 
other articles appropriate to an Educational Museum, will be gratefully received, and 
will make an important addition to the means of usei'ulness which the Institution already 

School Committees and Superintendents will confer a special favor by sending copies of 
their Annual Reports and other educational documents ; and Instructors in Institutions 
of every grade, by sending copies of their Catalogues and Circulars. 


Tuition is free to those who comply with the condition of teaching in the public 
schools of Massachusetts, wherever they may have previously resided. A small fee 
($1.50) is paid by each pupil at the beginning of the term, for incidental expenses. 

The text books required are mostly furnished without charge from the School Library. 
It is recommended, however, that the pupils should bring with them, for purposes of 
reference and comparison, the text books which they have already studied ; and they 
should especially be provided with a Dictionary and recent Atlas. 

The price which is commonly paid by the pupils for board, (not including washing, 
or separate fire and lights,) is, at present, from the great advance of other prices, 
$3.50 per week. 

For the assistance of those who would find even the moderate expenses of the School 
burdensome, the Commonwealth makes an annual appropriation of a thousand dollars. 
One half of this amount is distributed at the close of each term, among pupils from 
Massachusetts who may merit and need the aid, in sums varying according to the 
distance of their residence from Salem, and their necessary expenses in attending the 
School, but not exceeding in any case $1.50 per week. In this distribution, the first 
thirteen weeks of a pupil's connection with the School are not reckoned, unless she 
enters prepared to complete the prescribed course of study in less than two years. 

Aid is also rendered, in cases of special merit and need, from the income of the 
Fund of Five Thousand Dollars, for which the School is indebted to the munificent 
bequest of Nathaniel I. Bowditch, Esq., of Brookline. 

Through the bounty of Thomas Lee, Esq., of Boston, awards are made, to the 
amount of seventy-five dollars a year, for excellence in Reading. 

At the beginning of the next term, awards will be made to those candidates for 
admission who show special excellence in the introductory examinations :- — 

1. In Arithmetic and i\lgebra, to the amount of one hundred dollars. 

2. In Reading, through the bounty of Thomas Lee, Esq., of Boston. 

3. In Orthography. 
Salem, January, 1865, 


The Next Term of the State Normal School at 
Salem, Mass., will commence with an Examination 
of Candidates for admission, on Wednesday, Feb- 
ruary 22d, 1863. 

This Institution is open to Ladies not less than 
sixteen years of age, (without limit as to place of resi- 
dence,) who may wish to pursue a Course of Study in 
direct preparation for the work of teaching in Common 
or High Schools. To all who intend to teach in the 

Public Schools of Massachusetts, Tuition is Free. 
Text books are mostly furnished from the Library of 
the School. The common price of Board is, at pres- 
ent, $3.50 per week. From the State Appropriation 
and other sources, more than $1000 are annually dis- 
tributed to pupils who merit and need the aid. 

For Circulars, or further information, address 


Salem Observer Press.